Sectoral Analysis

FSNAU collects and analyses data in a number of sectors, namely:-

  • Climate
    The recent Jilaal dry season (Jan–Mar) has been relatively mild due to significant precipitation referred to as Todob that occurred during late February and early March in most parts of the South, Jar rains in Central and late Hays and unseasonal rains in northern regions.
  • Civil Insecurity
    The protracted insecurity in Somalia continues to impact food and livelihood security for both rural and urban Somali populations. Mogadishu and central regions currently remain the key epicentres of the violence, where continued loss of lives, destruction of properties, and disruption in trade and human displacements are regular occurrences.
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  • Agriculture
    Cereal prices in southern Somalia showed a mixed trend in the January-March period. The prices have increased for locally produced cereals (sorghum, maize) in most southern regions due to low supplies in the areas with below normal cereal production (Gedo, Hiran, Lower Shabelle, Middle Shabelle and parts of Bakool regions) and in Afgoye corridor likely due to suspended food aid distributions to IDPs.
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  • Livestock
    As a result of late Hays rains in the third dekad of February and average to good unseasonal rains in early March, pasture, browse and water conditions began to improve in drought affected areas of Togdheer Agropastoral and Sool Plateau of Sanaag region, as well as rain deficit pastoral livelihoods of Golis, Dharoor/Kakaar, upper Nugal and localized areas of Hawd in northern Somalia.
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  • Markets
    The Somali Shilling has slightly appreciated over the last three months in most southern markets. For example, in Mogadishu’s main market, Bakaara, the shilling appreciated at about 5% compared to the US dollar (from SoSh 31,850/USD in January to SoSh 30,400/USD in March) and by 4% in Kismayo (from SoSh 31,525/USD in January to SoSh 30,320/USD in March). This appreciation is due to an increase in dollar supply from improved livestock trade and piracy activities.
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  • Nutrition
    In March 2010, FSNAU and partners conducted a rapid nutrition and food security assessment in 15 selected villages in Bari region following concerns of a possible deterioration in the situation. A total of 360 children aged 6-59 months were assessed using weight for health in Z scores and although the survey was not representative, results indicated a similar situation to what was reported in the Post Deyr 2009/10.  Of all the children assessed, 14% presented with acute malnutrition of which 2.5% presented with severe malnutrition.
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